University Library at St. Cloud State University

Resources to Address the Crossroads Center Mall Attack

Purpose of this Resource
The purpose of this guide is to provide accurate and relevant information to support faculty, staff, and students experiencing, learning about, or teaching about religious, ethnic, and racial discrimination, distress, and trauma. As a direct response to the Crossroads Center Mall attack on September 17, 2016 and the resulting backlash toward communities of color, this guide seeks to provide resources that address the historical context and ongoing tensions present in our community.

This guide is a collaborative project of the campus community. If you have an additional resource to contribute, please send a link and short description to
Trauma and Self Care
Self care infographic

Akitunde, Anthonia. "Why We Need Self-Care in the Face of Race-Based Trauma." Mater Mea, 8 July 2016.

Charles, Atira. "How to Handle the Emotions of Racial Injustice While at Work." Black Enterprise, 28 April 2105.

Brown, Jasmine Banks. "Self Care for People of Color After Psychological Trauma." JustJasmineBlog, July 2016.

Jernigan, Maryam M., el al. "#racialtraumaisreal." Institute for the Study and Promotion of Race and Culture, 2015.

Ross, Janell. “Does Exposure to Violence and Trauma Impact Students’ Education Prospects?The Atlantic, 8 Sept. 2014.
Racial Trauma infographic
Teaching Resources
Al-Sharif, Mary Ann Bodine, and Penny A. Pasque. "Addressing Islamophobia on College Campuses." Higher Education TODAY, 4 May 2016.

Difficult Dialogues. Center for Teaching, Vanderbilt University.

Ezzedee, Souha R. "Facilitating Class Discussions Around Current and Controversial Issues: Ten Recommendations for Teachers." College Teaching, vol. 56, no. 4, Winter 2008.

Housee, Shirin. “Let Us (W)right the Wrongs of Racism From Classroom Teaching and Learning.Heathwood Institute and Press, 8 May 2014.

Kazi, Nazia. "Teaching Against Islamophobia in the Age of Terror." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 18 Sept. 2016.

Let's Talk! Discussing Race, Racism and Other Difficult Topics with Students

Nasir, Na'ilah Suad and Jasiyah Al-Amin. "Creating Identity-Safe Spaces on College Campuses for Muslim Students." Change, vol. 38, no. 2, Mar/Apr2006. Requires SCSU StarID login. Click PDF for article full text.
Community Resources
Average Mohamed
A non-profit organization that produces videos to address falsehoods about Islam and counter violent extremist recruitment methods.

CAIR Minnesota
The local chapter of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, the United States' largest Islamic civil liberties and advocacy group.

Regional Human Rights Commission
Provides a human rights program comprised of education, outreach, and enforcement for St. Cloud, St. Joseph, Sartell, and Sauk Rapids.

RISE: Revising the Islamic Sisterhood of Empowerment
A Twin Cities-based organization committed to "amplify[ing] the voice and power of Muslim women through leadership development, community engagement, and philanthropy."

Somali-American Parent Association
"Promotes the empowerment of Somali youth, parents, and African communities in Minnesota."

A non-profit organization working to provide education and actionable steps to foster community in the St. Cloud area.
Somali-Americans and Somalia
Somali-Americans in Minnesota: Overview
Guide from the Minnesota History Center.

Somalia: Country Watch
A brief history of Somalia. 8:46. Requires SCSU StarID login.
Diane Sawyer Reporting: Islam - Questions and Answers
ABC News documentary. 41:50. Requires SCSU StarID login.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World
Requires SCSU StarID login.

Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States
Ref BP 67 .U6 E53 2007

Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History
Ref E 184 .M88 E876 2010

Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures
Ref HQ 1170 .E53 2003

Glazer, S. "Sharia Controversy." CQ Global Researcher, vol. 6, no. 1, 3 Jan. 2012, pp. 1-28. CQ Researcher, Requires SCSU StarID login.

Islamic World: Past and Present
Ref DS 35.53 .I86 2004

Kysia, A. "A People's History of Muslims in the United States: What School Textbooks and the Media Miss." Zinn Education Project, 7 April 2014.
Becoming Minnesotan: Stories of Recent Immigrants and Refugees (MNHS)
Oral history interviews, along with supporting information about each narrator, the communities, and immigration in general.

Cameron, Linda A. "Common Threads: The Minnesota Immigrant Experience." Minnesota History, Fall 2010, pp.96-106.

Hirsi, Ibrahim. "Immigration Has Become a 'Driving Force' in Minnesota's Economy.", 22 December 2014.

Immigration History Resource Center (UMN)
Includes the Immigrant Stories project that connects US immigration history research to contemporary immigrant and refugee communities.

Minnesota’s Immigrants (MDL)
Over 200 digital stories representing more than forty-five different immigrant communities in Minnesota.

Refugees (video)
Part of the PBS series, Homeland: Immigration in America, this video offers stories that illustrate the forces and factors that can lead refugees to a life of stability and success or to isolation, welfare and homelessness.

They Came to Minnesota (MPR) (audio)
Discusses cultural diversity within Minnesota's 150 years of immigration history.

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