The Library at St. Cloud State University

Citing Sources in APA

Detailed APA guides and instructions
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA)
READY REF BF76.7 .P83 2010 Check MnPALS Catalog for Location and Availability
Official manual for APA documentation. Available in print only, in the Ready Reference section of the library, 1st floor. Latest edition is 6th edition, 2010.

Frequently Asked Questions About APA Style
A quick guide from the APA Style website.

APA Formatting and Style Guide (2010 update) (OWL at Purdue)
Provides examples of formatting papers, in-text citations, footnotes and endnotes, and reference lists in APA style. Updated according to the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
In-text citations in APA
An in-text citation allows your reader to track down a specific source you use in your paper. The in-text citation should provide enough information to point your reader to the full citation in your reference list. An in-text citation must be included when you quote or paraphrase information from one of your sources.

In APA Style, an in-text citation typically includes the author's last name and the date of publication, in parenthesis. If you use a direct quote, include the page number for the reference.

Examples from OWL at Purdue and APA Style Blog:

After the intervention, children increased in the number of books read per week (Smith & Wexwood, 2010). 

Smith and Wexwood (2010) reported that after the intervention, children increased in the number of books read per week. 

According to Jones (1998), "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (p. 199).

Johnson argued that...(as cited in Smith, 2003, p. 102).
Tools for Formatting Your Citations
When searching library databases for your sources, use the Cite tool and select APA to copy and paste the citation for that source.

NOTE: You must always double-check the formatting that the database provides. It is not always accurate. Look over the format of the authors' names and capitalization in particular.
APA Tutorial and Quiz
Sample APA Reference List
Tips for your reference list:
  • Start the reference list on a new page with the word References at the top
  • Double-space all reference entries
  • Use a hanging indent where the first line of the reference is left-justified and all subsequent lines are indented

Anderson, A. K. (2005). Affective influences on the attentional dynamics supporting awareness. Journal of Experiential Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. doi:10.1037/0278-533.24.2.38.

Chamberlin, J., & Price, M. (2008, May). Enhancing worker well-being: Occupational health psychologists convene to share their research on work, stress, and health. Monitor on Psychology, 39(5). Retrieved from

VanderBos, G. R. (Ed.). (2007). APA dictionary of psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


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